In detail

Leishmaniasis in dogs: therapy and treatment


If a dog is infected with leishmaniasis, therapy is given with medication. Without the treatment, the four-legged friend has little chance of survival, and it usually has to last a lifetime. Leishmaniasis in dogs is treated with various medications - Image: Shutterstock / Ermolaev Alexander

If a dog is infected with leishmaniasis, therapy should begin as soon as possible at the veterinarian. The problem often lies in recognizing the infectious disease based on the symptoms, which can be relatively unspecific: sluggishness, fever, diarrhea, swollen lymph nodes. The doctor can use blood and tissue samples to make the diagnosis quickly and safely and start treatment immediately.

Therapy with medication

Leishmaniasis is treated with medication. Allopurinol inhibits the development of the causative agent of the disease, the Leishmania. Glucantime is also a commonly used medicine for the treatment of the infectious disease. The drug inhibits the parasites. Aminidine is an antibiotic that is used in therapy if, for example, there is resistance to another active substance. In general, the medication alleviates the symptoms of the disease and is supposed to fight its causes. In the case of leishmaniasis, however, lifelong therapy with the active ingredients is usually necessary.

But allopurinol in particular often has strong side effects. For example, if you take it over a longer period of time, you may experience urinary stone problems.

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Leishmaniasis: Fast treatment is important

If the vet has diagnosed your dog with leishmaniasis, quick treatment is essential. The doctor will start giving medication immediately. In the worst case, the disease can lead to kidney failure, which quickly leads to the death of the animal.